There are geological phenomena which are well-known and seeming well-understood which, when examined more closely, present puzzling aspects, or show surprising similarities to other, seemingly unrelated phenomena.

For example, one finds here and there limestones containing curved bands and veins with a remarkable resemblance to those found in thinly-cut meat.  One can stretch out slices of dried meat on a flat surface and see that very similar forms result.  Scientifically this would be termed a morphological similarity, rather than a chemical or physical one.

Veins in Flysch-Limestone (Italy)
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Dried meat stretched out
Veins in metamorphic limestone

This website goes into the geological implications of the similarities shown above, as well as many other rock formations.

One can investigate this and other phenomena and with time come to theconviction that the original processes of rock formation took place in connection with a significantly larger amount of water than is normally thought.  In addition, one can come to the picture of a relatively larger and denser atmosphere for the still-young earth, remotely comparable to the huge hydrogen-helium atmosphere of the present-day gas-planets Jupiter, Saturn Neptune and Uranus.  It is remarkable that the earth's crust consists of 50% oxygen (which could be in part a chemical remnant of water), and hydrogen is itself the principal element of other planets (and would have been theoretically available in large quantities in the early solar system as a constituent of water).  The substantial quantities, qualities and quantitative relationships of atmospheric gases, fluid water and solid rock could have been correspondingly quite different than today, and described in the current models.

A concept one runs into in this connection is that of the colloidal state, a condition lying between fluid and solid.  A colloidal, or its related firmly-gelled condition may have played a significant role in the developmental processes of several crystalline rocks, and also in certain carbonate (limestone-related) rocks.  Experiments are presented, which show a strom morphological similarity between diverse examples from the world of rocks and colloidal processes.  In addition, geological phenomena are discussed which point directly to colloidal processes.

Left: colloidal experiment with shrinkage cracks, right: metamorphic flysch-limestone (Italy)

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Left: Experiment with precipitates, right: Paragneiss (Switzerland)
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Left: Experiment with colloidal separating-out, right: Serpentinite (Italy)
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The investigations lead to the question of self-organizing processes on the young earth, and the earth-historical irreversibility and unrepeatability of certain processes of origin during the first periods of the earth.

Example pictures: Left, experiments with eggs in a colloidal material under pressure, right, Precambrian orbicular granite from Finland with strongly deformed orthoclase and magnetite zones

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Further considerations include cosmological questions, since space exploration has made accessible numerous facts concerning the other planets and their moons.  It would be conceivable that, in analogy to the surroundings of the hydrogen-helium gas giants Jupiter and Saturn, in which water-rich moons came into being (Europa, Rhea, etc.), that also around the hydrogen-helium gas-giant Sun there were planets formed, whose water-rich atmospheres disappeared over time.

Gas- und dust-ring spheres of the developing planets


Origin of the Sun and Earth out of ring- and lens-systems, with flattening at first, then with the formation of a mega-atmosphere around the primal Earth.

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This possibility is discussed, and brought into connection with the formation of substances during the earliest times.

The corresponding thoughts lead also to a connection between natural-scientific considerations and the spiritual-scientific views developed by Rudolf Steiner.